A low-cost interactive writing board for primary education using distinct augmented reality markers

Dawar Khan*, Inam ur Rehman, Sehat Ullah, Waheed Ahmad, Zhanglin Cheng, Gul Jabeen, Hirokazu Kato

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Educational institutions demand cost-effective and simple-to-use augmented reality systems. ARToolKit, an open-source computer tracking library for the creation of augmented reality applications that overlay virtual imagery on the real world, is such a system. It uses a simple camera and black-and-white markers printed on paper. However, due to inter-marker confusion, if the marker distinctions are not ensured, the markers are often miss-recognized. This paper presents an ARToolKit-based InteractiveWriting Board (IWB) with a simple mechanism for designing confusion-free marker libraries. The board is used for teaching single characters of Arabic/Urdu to primary level students. It uses a simple ARToolKit marker for the recognition of each character. After marker recognition, the IWB displays the corresponding image, helping students with character understanding and pronunciation. Experimental results reveal that the system improves students' motivation and learning skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5720
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: This work was partially supported by the NSFC (61972388), the CAS grant (GJHZ1862), and the Shenzhen Basic Research Program (JCYJ20180507182222355). We are thankful to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions. We are also thankful to the experiments’ participants.

Funding Information:
This work was partially supported by the NSFC (61972388), the CAS grant (GJHZ1862), and the Shenzhen Basic Research Program (JCYJ20180507182222355). We are thankful to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions. We are also thankful to the experiments' participants.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Augmented reality
  • Computer graphics
  • Interactive white-boards
  • Primary education
  • Technology-enhanced learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A low-cost interactive writing board for primary education using distinct augmented reality markers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this