Recently, elevated LiDAR (ELiD) has been proposed as an alternative to local LiDAR sensors in autonomous vehicles (AV) because of the ability to reduce costs and computational requirements of AVs, reduce the number of overlapping sensors mapping an area, and to allow for a multiplicity of LiDAR sensing applications with the same shared LiDAR map data. Since ELiDs have been removed from the vehicle, their data must be processed externally in the cloud or on the edge, necessitating an optimized backhaul system that allocates data efficiently to compute servers. In this paper, we address this need for an optimized backhaul system by formulating a mixed-integer programming problem that minimizes the average latency of the uplink and downlink hop-by-hop transmission plus computation time for each ELiD while considering different bandwidth allocation schemes. We show that our model is capable of allocating resources for differing topologies, and we perform a sensitivity analysis that demonstrates the robustness of our problem formulation under different circumstances.
|Title of host publication
|Proceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems
|Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
|Published - Jan 1 2020