A general circuit model for spintronic devices under electric and magnetic fields

Meshal Alawein, Hossein Fariborzi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


In this work, we present a circuit model of diffusive spintronic devices capable of capturing the effects of both electric and magnetic fields. Starting from a modified version of the well-established drift-diffusion equations, we derive general equivalent circuit models of semiconducting/metallic nonmagnets and metallic ferromagnets. In contrast to other models that are based on steady-state transport equations which might also neglect certain effects such as thermal fluctuations, spin dissipation in the ferromagnets, and spin precession under magnetic fields, our model incorporates most of the important physics and is based on a time-dependent formulation. An application of our model is shown through simulations of a nonlocal spin-valve under the presence of a magnetic field, where we reproduce experimental results of electrical measurements that demonstrate the phenomena of spin precession and dephasing (“Hanle effect”).
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 47th European Solid-State Device Research Conference (ESSDERC)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781509059782
StatePublished - Oct 25 2017

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank Aurelien Manchon from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology for the helpful comments and discussions.


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