A new species of the spongicolid coral shrimp genus Microprosthema Stimpson, 1860 is described on the basis of three specimens collected by hand while scuba diving off the Atlantic coast of southern Florida, with additional photographic records from Roatan, Honduras. Microprosthema dimitrisorum sp. nov. can be separated from all presently known species of the genus by a unique combination of morphological characters, and most easily, by its highly diagnostic and conspicuous colour pattern consisting of large red spots on most of the body and appendages.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-06-07
Acknowledgements: The authors are grateful to Ariane Dimitris, who collected the type material of the new species and provided colour photographs, together with Kevin Bryant and Mickey Charteris. AA would like to express his deep gratitude to Francesca Benzoni (King Abdullah University of Science and Technology) and Gustav Paulay (Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida), for sponsoring / facilitating this and other taxonomic studies on decapod crustaceans. The originally submitted manuscript was thoroughly reviewed and edited by Tomoyuki Komai (Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba) and Shane T. Ahyong (Australian Museum), respectively.