A differential protection technique for multi-terminal HVDC

Ahmed E.B. Abu-Elanien*, Ahmed A. Elserougi, Ayman S. Abdel-Khalik, Ahmed M. Massoud, Shehab Ahmed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations


This paper presents a technique for differential protection of Multi-terminal High Voltage Direct Current (MTHVDC) transmission lines. The proposed technique depends on the electrical current data at both ends of each line section. Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) is used to detect DC faults as well as filter out the high frequency transients superimposed on the current signals. An operating signal and a restraining signal are used in this technique to discriminate between internal faults and external faults through their ratio in each section of the MTHVDC. The operating and restraining signals depend on energy contents of the de-noised current signals at both ends of each line section. MTHVDC modeling and relay design are carried out in the MATLAB environment. The results demonstrate the high reliability of the proposed relay in the zonal protection of MTHVDC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-88
Number of pages11
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
StatePublished - Jan 15 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Multi-terminal HVDC
  • Protection
  • Wavelet transform
  • Wind farm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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