## Abstract

Full Waveform Inversion (FWI) is a technique widely used in geophysics to obtain high-resolution subsurface velocity models from waveform seismic data. Due to its large computation cost, most flavors of FWI rely only on the computation of the gradient of the loss function to estimate the update direction, therefore ignoring the contribution of the Hessian. Depending on how much computational expense one can afford, an approximate of the inverse of the Hessian can be calculated and used to speed up the convergence of FWI towards the global (or a plausible local) minimum. Thus, we propose the use of an approximate Gauss-Newton Hessian computed from a linearization of the wave-equation as commonly done in Least-Squares Migration (LSM). More precisely, we rely on the link between the conventional gradient and the gradient obtained from Born modeling this gradient (i.e., obtained by demigration-migration of the migrated image). However, instead of using non-stationary compact filters as commonly done in the literature to approximate the Hessian, we propose to use a deep neural network to directly learn the mapping between the FWI gradient (output) and its Hessian blurred counterpart (input). By doing so, the network learns to act as an approximate inverse Hessian: as such, when the trained network is applied to the FWI gradient, an enhanced update direction is obtained, which is shown to be beneficial for the convergence of FWI. The weights of the trained deblurring network are then transferred to the next FWI iteration to expedite convergence. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach on a synthetic dataset.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages | 635-639 |

Number of pages | 5 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Dec 14 2023 |

Event | 3rd International Meeting for Applied Geoscience and Energy, IMAGE 2023 - Houston, United States Duration: Aug 28 2023 → Sep 1 2023 |

### Conference

Conference | 3rd International Meeting for Applied Geoscience and Energy, IMAGE 2023 |
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Country/Territory | United States |

City | Houston |

Period | 08/28/23 → 09/1/23 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2023 Society of Exploration Geophysicists and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists.

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Geophysics