A Bicontinuous Double Gyroid Hybrid Solar Cell

Edward J. W. Crossland, Marleen Kamperman, Mihaela Nedelcu, Caterina Ducati, Ulrich Wiesner, Detlef-M. Smilgies, Gilman E. S. Toombes, Marc A. Hillmyer, Sabine Ludwigs, Ullrich Steiner, Henry J. Snaith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

426 Scopus citations


We report the first successful application of an ordered bicontinuous gyroid semiconducting network in a hybrid bulk heterojunction solar cell. The freestanding gyroid network is fabricated by electrochemical deposition into the 10 nm wide voided channels of a self-assembled, selectively degradable block copolymer film. The highly ordered pore structure is ideal for uniform infiltration of an organic hole transporting material, and solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells only 400 nm thick exhibit up to 1.7% power conversion efficiency. This patterning technique can be readily extended to other promising heterojunction systems and is a major step toward realizing the full potential of self-assembly in the next generation of device technologies. © 2009 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2807-2812
Number of pages6
JournalNano Letters
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 12 2009
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: M.K. and M.A.H. acknowledge the support of the National Science Foundation (DMR-0605856 and DMR-0605880, respectively). X-ray diffraction at CHESS is supported by the National Science Foundation. E.J.W.C. was supported by the EPSRC, and M.N., S.L., and U.S. acknowledge the European RTN-6 Network "Polyfilm". This work was further funded in part by KAUST. The sabbatical leaves of U.W. and M.A.H. were supported by the Leverhulme Trust and EPSRC. C.D. acknowledges the Royal Society for financial support. G.E.S.T. acknowledges the support of DOE.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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