3D Printed Microneedle Array for Electroporation

Khalil Moussi, Mincho Kavaldzhiev, Jose E. Perez, Nouf Alsharif, Jasmeen Merzaban, Jürgen Kosel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


In-vitro transfection of cells by electroporation is a widely used approach in cell biology and medicine. The transfection method is highly dependent on the cell culture’s electrical resistance, which is strongly determined by differences in the membranes, but also on the morphology of the electrodes. Microneedle (MN)-based electrodes have been used to concentrate the electrical field during electroporation, and therefore maximize its effect on cell membrane permeability. So far, the methods used for the fabrication of MN electrodes have been relatively limited with respect to the needle design. In this work, we provide a method to fabricate MNs using 3D printing, which is a technology that provides a high degree of flexibility with respect to geometry and dimensions. Pyramidal-shaped MN designs were fabricated and tested on HCT116 cancer cells. Customization of the tips of the pyramids permits tailoring of the electrical field in the vicinity of the cell membranes. The fabricated device enables low-voltage (2 V) electroporation, eliminating the need for the use of specialized chemical buffers. The results show the potential of this method, which can be exploited and optimized for many different applications, and offer a very accessible approach for in-vitro electroporation and cell studies. The MNs can be customized to create complex structures, for example, for a multi-culture cell environment.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC)
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-1991-5
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01


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