3D printed bionic self-powered sensing device based on fern-shaped nitrogen doped BiVO4 photoanode with enriched oxygen vacancies

Xilian Ouyang, Chengyang Feng, Xu Zhu, Yibo Liao, Zheping Zhou, Xinya Fan, Ziling Zhang, Li Chen, Lin Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A portable three-dimensional (3D) printed bionic sensing device with enhanced photoelectric response was fabricated for sensitive detection of Bisphenol A (BPA). The proposed sensor is operated upon by using a highly reactive dual-electrode system to generate electrical output and provide the sensing signal under photoirradiation, without an external power source. The fern-shaped nitrogen doped BiVO4 photoanode with enriched oxygen vacancies (Ov) bismuth vanadate (N/Ov/BiVO4) photoanode was first synthesized and applied to construct a bionic sensing device. Density functional theoretical (DFT) calculation shows that the synergistic of nitrogen doping and Ov on the surface of photoanode leads to the emergence of impurity levels in BiVO4’s electronic structure, promoting the effective separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs. Impressively, the unique fern-shaped bionic structure enhances the mass transfer efficiency of the sensing system and provides abundant binding sites of aptamer, realizing signal amplification. Moreover, a portable sensing device for automatic sample injection and detection is developed by integrating the detection system into a micromodel based on micro-nano 3D printing technology. Benefit from this ingenious design, the proposed bionic aptasensor displayed excellent electricity output and achieved high sensitivity and selectivity of BPA detection with a low limit of detection (0.025 nM) and broad linear range from 0.1 nM to 100 μM, paving a new way for the development of portable and on-site sensing devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114817
JournalBiosensors & bioelectronics
Volume220
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 3 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics

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