The role of the RNA degradation product 20,30-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (20,30-cAMP) is poorly understood. Recent studies have identified 20,30-cAMP in plant material and determined its role in stress signaling. The level of 20,30-cAMP increases upon wounding, in the dark, and under heat, and 20,30-cAMP binding to an RNA-binding protein, Rbp47b, promotes stress granule (SG) assembly. To gain further mechanistic insights into the function of 20,30-cAMP, we used a multi-omics approach by combining transcriptomics, metabolomics, and proteomics to dissect the response of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) to 20,30-cAMP treatment. We demonstrated that 20,30-cAMP is metabolized into adenosine, suggesting that the well-known cyclic nucleotide–adenosine pathway of human cells might also exist in plants. Transcriptomics analysis revealed only minor overlap between 20,30-cAMP- and adenosine-treated plants, suggesting that these molecules act through independent mechanisms. Treatment with 20,30-cAMP changed the levels of hundreds of transcripts, proteins, and metabolites, many previously associated with plant stress responses, including protein and RNA degradation products, glucosinolates, chaperones, and SG components. Finally, we demonstrated that 20,30-cAMP treatment influences the movement of processing bodies, confirming the role of 20,30-cAMP in the formation and motility of membraneless organelles.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Work was funded by Max Planck Society, KAUST University and Boyce Thompson Institute.
© The Author(s) 2022.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science