1,2,3-Triazole-Benzofused Molecular Conjugates as Potential Antiviral Agents against SARS-CoV-2 Virus Variants

Jehan Y. Al-Humaidi, Marwa M. Shaaban, Nadjet Rezki, Mohamed Reda Aouad, Mohamed A. Zakaria, Mariusz Jaremko, Mohamed Hagar, Bassma H. Elwakil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

SARS-CoV-2 and its variants, especially the Omicron variant, remain a great threat to human health. The need to discover potent compounds that may control the SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic and the emerged mutants is rising. A set of 1,2,3-triazole and/or 1,2,4-triazole was synthesized either from benzimidazole or isatin precursors. Molecular docking studies and in vitro enzyme activity revealed that most of the investigated compounds demonstrated promising binding scores against the SARS-CoV-2 and Omicron spike proteins, in comparison to the reference drugs. In particular, compound 9 has the highest scoring affinity against the SARS-CoV-2 and Omicron spike proteins in vitro with its IC50 reaching 75.98 nM against the Omicron spike protein and 74.51 nM against the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. The possible interaction between the synthesized triazoles and the viral spike proteins was by the prevention of the viral entry into the host cells, which led to a reduction in viral reproduction and infection. A cytopathic inhibition assay in the human airway epithelial cell line (Vero E6) infected with SARS-CoV-2 revealed the effectiveness and safety of the synthesized compound (compound 9) (EC50 and CC50 reached 80.4 and 1028.28 µg/mL, respectively, with a selectivity index of 12.78). Moreover, the antiinflammatory effect of the tested compound may pave the way to reduce the reported SARS-CoV-2-induced hyperinflammation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1341
JournalLife
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 29 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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